Urbanization in Bhutan has taken place at a rapid pace over the last 10 years or so. By 2005, the proportion of Bhutanese urban population had grown to 31 percent. It is projected that by 2020 half of the Bhutanese population will be living in urban areas. Burgeoning urban population has created several environmental problems such as air and water pollution, water shortage, increase of municipal waste volumes and types, congestion of traffic and buildings, and land degradation. The Thimphu Municipality has not yet developed any standard and effective strategy for waste management at the household and community levels.
Properly managed, health waste should not cause any adverse impacts on human health or the environment. A variety of technologies are available that can disinfect, neutralize or contain the wastes and information on management is freely available.
Solid waste management is one of the major environmental burdens, particularly in megacities of many developmed and developing Asian countries. High population growth and urbanization coupled with rapid economic growth greatly accelerates consumption rates in Asian developing cities. These consumption patterns have contributed to an increase in municipal solid waste generation and to changes in waste composition. This policy brief presents the status-quo and issues of Municipal Waste in 14 South Ease and East Asian member countries. It also provides background information on the medical waste status in these countries.
The Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) will be implementing the Improving Rural Livelihood Project (IRLP) with World Bank financing to support rural development activities based on the Dzongkhag plans formulated for the 10th Five Year Plan (July 2008 – June 2013). The project area would consist of 26 Dzongkhags with a population of 208,908 in six Dzongkhags of south-western and south-central Bhutan (Haa, Chukha, Samtse, Dagana, Trongsa and Wangdue). The 26 Goegs has an area of 5,060 square km of which 4,400 sq km is forest cover and 198 sq km is agriculture land. The project aims to enhance agriculture production systems and to create income generating opportunities for poor communities in the project area through improved access to rural infrastructure and introduction to better agricultural technologies. The proposed project has two components: Rural Infrastructures and Agricultural Productivity, and Project Management and Institutional Support.
AGENDA 21 Bhutan is one of the unique and advanced countries which implement the Sustainable Development Principles of the Agenda 21, formulated at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and strongly reaffirmed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg in 2002. NATIONAL STRATEGY + ACTION PLAN The Royal Government of Bhutan requested assistance for the formulation of a National Strategy on Integrated Solid Waste Management. The United Nations Environmental Program and the Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific provided support to the preparation of this document.
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